Heel pain can be caused by many different things. In adults, heel pain is often caused by pressure on the tissue in the arch of the foot, called the plantar fascia. Aging can also play a role in developing heel pain. Treatment for heel pain in adults typically involves stretching and exercises to relieve tension on the plantar fascia. In children, heel pain can be caused by a number of different things. One common cause of heel pain in children is Sever's Disease, which is a condition that results from overuse of the heel bone.